Anthony Gaumer was born on Oct. 11, 1831 in Salem Township, Muskingum County, the son of Daniel and Hannah (Baughman) Gaumer Sr. He was a casualty of the Civil War.
On Oct. 12, 1852, the 21-year-old Anthony was joined in marriage with Catherine M. Titus ( ? - ? ) near Adamsville, Muskingum County. Rev. A. Magee officiated at the ceremony.
The couple produced four children -- Henry W.D. Gaumer, Flora J. Gaumer, Mary Josephine Gaumer, Horace G. Gaumer and Lilly May Gaumer. Anthony kept a family Bible in which he recorded the names and birthdates.
Early in their marriage, circa 1855, they resided in Paris, Edgar County, IL, where their eldest son was born. By 1857, they relocated back to Muskingum County, where their second child was born. In 1860, their home was in Williamsburg, Beaver Township, Noble County, OH, with Anthony earning a living as a farm hand.
Two months after the breakout of the Civil War, Anthony joined the Union Army at Camp Chase, OH on June 28, 1861. He was assigned to the 26th Ohio Infantry, Company F, part of Sheridan's Division. He rose to the rank of sergeant. Sadly, while on duty at Chattanooga, TN, he began to suffer from chronic diarrhea and was admitted to an army hospital. He died in Chattanooga on Jan. 24, 1863, at the age of 32. His remains were interred in what today is the Chattanooga National Cemetery.
Now widowed, Catherine applied for and began receiving a military pension as compensation for her loss. [Widow App. #53.510 - Cert. #35.521].
On Oct. 26, 1865, at Zanesville, Catherine married again to New Jersey native George Valentine (1822- ? ) by the hand of R.H. Sedwick. Not long afterward, they moved to Brush Creek, Wayne County, IL.
Then in 1867, having surrendered her pension upon her remarriage, Catherine M. Valentine arranged for the children to begin receiving the pension payments [Minor App. #140.769 - Cert. #106.565], with her as their guardian. The monthly payment totaled $8.00 which apparently was to be divided equally for their care. Sadly, Catherine may have died sometime between 1867 and 1870. The federal census record for 1870 shows George heading a household with his Gaumer step-children, but without a wife present in the household.
Anthony is named in J. Hope Sutor's 1905 book Past and Present of the City of Zanesville and Muskingum County, Ohio -- simply stating that he "died in the army."
~ Son Henry W.D. Gaumer ~
Son Henry W.D. Gaumer (1855- ? ) was born on Nov. 15, 1855 in Paris, Edgar County, IL. Dr. H.W. Davis attended the mother at the birth. He relocated back to Ohio as a young boy and thence to Brush Creek, Wayne County, IL in the later 1860s. In 1870, at the age of 14, he labored with his stepfather as a farm hand. He has yet to be found in the 1880 census.
~ Daughter Florence J. "Flora" Gaumer ~
Daughter Florence J. "Flora" Gaumer (1857- ? ) was born on May 18, 1857 in Adamsville, Muskingum County, OH. Dr. Leroy S. Lenhart assisted with the birth.
~ Daughter Mary Josephine Gaumer ~
Daughter Mary Josephine Gaumer (1858- ? ) was born on Sept. 26, 1858 in Williamsburg, Beaver Township, Noble County, OH. At the birth, Dr. James M. Joseph was in attendance.
~ Daughter Lilly May Gaumer ~
Daughter Lilly May Gaumer (1861- ? ) was born on June 1, 1861, possibly in Guernsey County, OH.
~ More ~
We are grateful for records provided by Gilbert R. Gaumer, Paul K. Gaumer, Mary L. Shirer and the National Archives in the preparation of the Daniel Gaumer Sr. family biographies.