Laura (Brown) Barnum was born on Nov. 28, 1873, in DeSoto, Dallas County, IA, the daughter of James R. and Lydia (Miner) Brown. Her writings later in life provide a window into her family's pioneer experience in Oklahoma.
Laura was the first of the couple's children to be born in Iowa after the family had left Cardington, Morrow County, OH.
As a child, in 1877, she and her parents moved from DeSoto to Montezuma, Powshiek County, IA, remaining there two years. They pulled up stakes in 1879 and moved to Kansas, settling in Medicine Lodge, Barber County, KS.
Then in 1889, they relocated once more, traveling into the newly opened Oklahoma Territory, where they staked a claim near Kingfisher, Kingfisher County, OK. Laura and her father, brother and sister took part in the famed, wild and wooly Oklahoma Land Rush. Without her knowledge during the Rush, Laura's future husband was staking out a claim east of what would become the town of Banner in Excelsior Township, Kingfisher County.
On Feb. 17, 1896, at the age of 23, Laura married Edward Allen Barnum (1851-1933) in Dover, OK, at the home of Rev. D.M. Pierce in Excelsior Township, in what was then Indian Territory. He was the son of New York State natives George G. and Melissa Reed (Bennett) Barnum who were 89'ers in their own right. Edward was 22 years older than his wife, having been born on Dec. 16, 1851 in Galena, IL.
A year prior to marriage, Edward filed a claim with the United States for 160 acres near Kingfisher, in the southeast quarter of Section 9, Township 17 North, Range 5 West. On Nov. 18, 1901, he purchased from widow Maude Riley a parcel of land in Columbia, OK for $80, in the southeast quarter of the southeast corner of Section 22, Township 18, north of Range 5.
The couple resided in California in the first year or two of their marriage, where their eldest son was born, but soonafter relocated back to Kingfisher, where they apparently had continued to own the farm. They religiously wrote the family birth, marriage and death records in a Holy Bible that had been published by Thomas Nelson & Sons in New York.
They had five children -- George Edward Barnum, Theresa "Gladys" Armstrong, James "Roy" Barnum, Ted Leon Barnum and Wilma Leona Kester.
The elder three of the Barnum children -- George, Roy and Gladys-- are seen here in a studio portrait, circa 1901.
Sadly, son George was born with a heart defect, and was never able to gain a full measure of health. He died at the age of 17 in Kingfisher County, and was buried at Banner Cemetery northeast of Kingfisher.
Edward was a business partner with his brother Alva, said the Kingfisher Free Press, "in a general merchandise store at Columbia, with the large postoffice operated in conjunction." A wonderful image of the store appears in the Photo Section of the Oklahoma GenWeb Project.) He also was a farmer, as shown in the 1910 federal census of Kingfisher, Excelsior County, OK.
Laura was remembered by a granddaughter as "a beautiful woman, big boned and fleshy, with short silver hair." She was a talented journalist, and wrote a number of articles for the Kingfisher Free Press when it published special editions for its 60th and 75th anniversaries. As well, she was an expert dressmaker and made clothing for her great-grandchildren.
In 1897, the Barnums lived in Lakeside, CA, at the time their eldest son George was born. By 1898 they had moved back to Oklahoma, to the town of Nesbitt in Indian Territory.
A year or two later, they were in Columbia, OK, and in 1902 had moved on to Dover, OK. In 1908, they resided at Lovell, OK, and later settled on a more permanent basis in Dover near Kingfisher. In 1929, they moved to Enid and lived there 504 East Maple Street.
One of the families the Barnums would have known was Adaline Dalton, mother of 13 children, who migrated to northeast of Kingfisher in 1890. Unfortunately, one of her sons, Deputy U.S. Marshal Frank Dalton, was killed in a shooting and three of his brothers became the notorious members of the outlaw "Dalton Gang" known far and wide for robbing banks and trains -- Gratton, Bob and Emmett. Two of the sons were gunned down in a failed robbery in Kansas in 1892, ending their reign of crime. During the last 16 years of her life, from 1906 to 1925, Mrs. Dalton lived in a log cabin in the Blackjacks section near Dover. At her death in 1925, she was laid to rest in the Kingfisher Cemetery, and her cabin today is preserved on the campus of the Chisholm Trail Museum in Kingfisher.
Sadly, Edward endured hardening of the arteries for the last 13 years of his life, added to the affliction of "senile psychosis" for about three years before his death. As a patient at Western Oklahoma Hospital at Fort Supply, Woodward County, he succumbed at the age of 81 on July 18, 1933. His remains were brought back to Kingfisher County for interment in the Banner Cemetery.
On the 50th anniversary of the Run of 1889, in 1939, Laura penned Oklahoma Rose, a heartfelt poem celebrating the 50th anniversary of the opening of the Oklahoma territory.
This is the year we celebrate
Laura outlived him by 23 years, and maintained a home in Enid, although later in life she lived variously with her adult children. She passed away at the age of 82 on July 1, 1956 in a hospital in Enid. She joined her husband in eternal rest in the Banner Cemetery in the Dover community near Kingfisher.
~ Son George Edward Barnum ~
Son George Edward Barnum (1897-1915) was born on Jan. 2, 1897 in Lakeside, San Diego County, CA.
As a very young boy he moved with his parents and siblings back to Oklahoma, settling in Kingfisher, Excelsior County. He and his sister Gladys attended the Excelsior School, taught by their future aunt, Nannie (Snyder) Brown.
Tragically, George was born with a heart defect, and was never able to gain a full measure of health.
He died on March 30, 1915, at the age of 17, in Kingfisher County, and was buried at Banner Cemetery northeast of Kingfisher. One of his great-nephews has said his ailment could have been surgically repaired today "in 15 minutes."
~ Daughter Theresa "Gladys" (Barnum) Armstrong ~
Theresa "Gladys" Armstrong (1898-1983) was born on Sept. 12 (or 13), 1898 in Nesbitt, Kingfisher County.
She and her husband have been called the " perfect couple, parents, grandparents and great-grandparents.
As a youth, Gladys and her brother George attended the Excelsior School, taught by Daisy March. Among the courses she took to receive her diploma were reading, orthography, penmanship, and English as well as grammar, arithmetic, geography and physiology. She also studied U.S. history, Oklahoma history, civics, vocal music, agriculture, horticultural, animal husbandry, stock feeding, forestry, road building and domestic science.
When Gladys expressed an interest in furthering her studies to become a teacher, her father objected. But her mother intervened, saying "I own half of this farm the same as you do. If we have to take another mortgage, she is going to do it."
Gladys thus obtained her teaching certificate and became an early educator at Banner (OK) Rural School circa 1919-1920. Today several chairs from that early school are on display at the Chisholm Trail Museum in Kingfisher.
Circa 1920, Gladys' home was in Dover, Kingfisher County. On New Year's Eve 1920, at the age of 22, she was united in marriage with 21-year-old Paul Nathaniel Armstrong (1899-1976). The son of James Ervin and Eliza Jane (Evans) Armstrong, he was a native of West Plains, Howell County, MO. Rev. C. Werner, pastor of the Evangelical Association Zion Class of Dover, officiated at the event held in Dover, with J.T. Armstrong and Earl Armstrong serving as witnesses.
Paul was tall and of medium build, with light brown eyes and light brown hair. He had migrated to Oklahoma in 1903, when he was four years of age. After the United States entered World War I, he registered for the military draft, stating that he was a student at Central State Normal School in Edmond. At the time of marriage, Paul dwelled in Dover, OK.
They produced eight known children -- Edward Ervin Armstrong, Erma Alene Davis, Ardeth Louise Jensen, Eunice Juanita Fergason, Hazel Ruth McClung, Dorothy "Jewel" Felder and Marion Earl Armstrong.
Early in the marriage, the couple relocated to Morgan County in Colorado, where their eldest son Edward was born in 1922. By the following year, they returned to their old home roots of Oklahoma. Paul was employed by the railroad, and as such the family relocated often.
One of their daughters, born in Billing, OK in 1930, attended 14 different schools over the span of her 12 years of primary education. The railroad work was steady and kept Paul employed throughout the depths of the Great Depression.
When the federal census enumeration was made in 1930, the family lived in Billings, Noble County, OK. There, Paul was employed as a section foreman with a railroad company. Sometime between 1935 and 1940, still working as a section foreman, Paul was transferred to Elk, Beckham County, OK, with their home located at 413 West 7th Street.
The Armstrongs were members of the First United Methodist Church of Kingfisher.
Paul was an avid follower of the St. Louis Cardinals baseball team during a period when the Cards teams featured such stars such as Dizzy Dean, Pepper Martin, Enos Slaughter, Red Schoendienst and Stan "The Man" Musial. To his delight, the team captured five World Series championships from 1931 to 1946, and two more in 1964 and 1967. He listened avidly to games broadcast on KMOX-AM radio. Once, when a grandson was graduating from high school, Paul sat in his car in the parking lot, listening to a game until he got a pre-arranged signal to come inside to watch the graduate receive his diploma. Paul then went right back to the car radio so he wouldn't miss any more action.
Paul also knew how to cuss and, a granddaughter once recalled, could squeeze 10 swear words into a single 12-word sentence.
Their home was always open for family and friends. In the days when telephone calling incurred long-distance charges, it was not unusual for one of Gladys' or Paul's married siblings to pull up in their automobile packed with children, and for a meal to be made ready.
Paul passed away on Feb. 13, 1976, at the age of 77. Burial was in the Banner Cemetery, following funeral services held in the family church, preached by Rev. W.D. Gilbert and Rev. Harold Himes. An obituary in the Kingfisher Free Press noted that he was survived by 28 grandchildren and 21 great-grandchildren.
Gladys survived him by more than seven years.
At the age of 85, she slipped into eternity on Oct. 21, 1983, in Okeene, Blaine County, OK, and rests beside her spouse.
Son Edward "Ervin" Armstrong (1922-1997) was born in on May 11, 1922 in Snyder, Morgan County, CO. As a baby, he returned to Oklahoma with his parents and remained there through his growing up years. In 1940, at age 17, he lived at home in Elk, Beckham County, OK. Born with mental disabilities, Ervin never married. Ervin earned a living in the late 1930s as a laborer in the camps of the Civilian Conservation Corps which furnished work for public projects. Later, he joined the Rock Island Railroad where he remained as a laborer for 35 years. At no time did he depend on any sort of government disability assistance. His mother, a former teacher who lived nearby, knew the importance to him of having structure in his adult life. He maintained the same habits and patterns of living for many years, including having lunch at the Cattleman's Hotel in Kingfisher every single day. He passed away at the age of 75 in Kingfisher on Sept. 24, 1997. He rests in the Banner Cemetery in Dover, OK.
Daughter Erma Alene Armstrong (1923-1992) was born on Aug. 24, 1923 in Kingfisher, the first of the family to be born after her parents returned from Colorado. As a teenager, she dated Glen David Fergason, but when he went off to serve in World War, II, she formed an attachment to Osmond Lee "Buster" Davis Sr. (1918-1990). On Aug. 15, 1942, when she was age 18, Erma wed 24-year-old Buster, with the ceremony occurring in Enid, Garfield County. A native of Norman Park, GA, Buster was the son of Louie Lee and Gladys Elmore (Kitchens) Davis. Their five children were Osmond Lee "Butch" Davis Jr., Judge Robert Eugene Davis, Neila Joy Cundith, Beryl Ray Davis and James Calvin Davis. Tragically, son Butch drowned as an 11-year-old in Maysville, Garvin County, OK, when he and a friend were playing in a farm water tank on June 9, 1954, and he stepped into deep water, unable to swim. Erma and Buster never got over the shock and loss of their son, especially to such an awful cause that could and should have been avoided. During World War II, Buster served in the U.S. Army, attaining the rank of corporal. During his working career, he was a "city inspector for the City of Tulsa and a member of the First United Methodist Church in Mannford. Buster died on July 23, 1990, at age 71, in Mannford, Creek County, OK. Burial was in the Kingfisher Municipal Cemetery, across the road from the farm which Erma's ancestors had claimed in the Run of 1889. The funeral was conducted by Rev. Dr. Ben Husted at the family church. A death notice was printed in the Tulsa World and a longer obituary in the Kingfisher Times & Free Press. Erma survived for another two years and was gathered in by the Grim Reaper on Feb. 11, 1992, in Mannford, at the age of 69. Her remains were brought back to Kingfisher for entombment, with Dr. Husted again officiating.
Daughter Ardeth Louise Armstrong (1924-2002) was born on Dec. 17, 1924 in Nesbitt or Kingfisher, Kingfisher County. Three days before Christmas 1945, when she was 21 years of age, Ardeth wed 30-year-old Norbert Charles Jensen (1915-1979), the son of James Peter and Elizabeth (Scheulen) Jensen of Hennessey, Kingfisher County. The couple produced three children -- James Paul Jensen, Rhoda Smith and Teresa Louise "Terri" Allen. As a young man, Norbert worked on Lock #17 of the Arkansas River Navigation Project as an employee of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. They resided in Okmulgee, Okmulgee County, OK, a distance of about 145 driving miles from Kingfisher. There, in Okmulgee, Norbert also is said to have owned horses and operated the Appolossa Horse Farm. Norbert also was involved in uranium mining in Moab, UT during the 1950s. On Dec. 22, 1970, the Jensens celebrated their 25th wedding anniversary. During the mid-1970s, Ardeth was contacted by one of her mother's first cousins, Alba Laura (McGirk) Christensen Peck, a family history buff of Lakewood, CA who was seeking family history information. In response, Ardeth sent her some memories in writing Alba then retyped and forwarded to their second cousin J. Blanche (Clark) Tarter of Raytown, MO for inclusion in a hoped-for-but-never-printed family history book. In 1976, when she was mentioned in the Kingfisher Free Press obituary of her father, Ardeth lived temporarily in Muskogee, OK. At the end of his career, Norbert was involved with the Kerr Lock and Dam in Muskogee. Sadly, Norbert passed away in Okmulgee on Nov. 13, 1979 at the age of 64. Ardeth outlived him by 23 years, and supported herself by working at Wal-Mart. She also took college classes in widowhood and was an active member of the Hennessey 89er Club. Ardeth died at the age of 77 on June 27, 2002, in Tulsa, with an obituary printed in the Tulsa World. At her funeral service, held at the First United Methodist Church, her nephews Robert and Beryl Davis officiated. Among the hymns were Rock of Ages, In the Garden and Amazing Grace. Her remains were placed into eternal rest in Okmulgee Cemetery. A portion of Ardeth's legacy remains today in the Minerd.com Archives in the typed version of her 1970s recollections:
I recall hearing my grandmother, Laura (she was a beautiful woman, big boned and fleshy, with short silver white hair) tell many stories concerning the "run" into Oklahoma in 1889. She was a girl of 16, and she would remain at the claim, west of Kingfisher, while her brother Frank, and her sister Nellie, took turns waiting in line in Kingfisher to file their claim on the land. Grandmother Laura wasn't old enough to file for a claim. At this time (unknown to Laura of course) my grandfather, Edward Allen Barnum, was staking his claim out east of the Banner area where a lot of these relatives are now buried. I don't recall at this time just how she met him. He was in his 40's when she met him and she was only 22 when they were married.
Son Nathan Eugene Armstrong Sr. (1926-1998) was born on May 23, 1926 in Kingfisher. He spent his early years in Billings, Noble County, OK and then lived as a teen in Hennessey. Nathan was a talented football player and lineman for the Tulsa Golden Hurricane, wearing uniform no. 41. As a freshman, he suited up for the Orange Bowl played on New Year's Day 1945 in a grudge match against the Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets. The year before, led by All-American end Phil Tinsley, Georgia Tech beat Tulsa 20-18. Then in the '45 Orange Bowl, Tulsa avenged its loss by whipping Georgia Tech 26-12. An original program book from the 1945 game -- naming Nathan -- today is preserved in the Minerd.com Archives. He studied engineering but apparently did not graduate. He went to work in government construction, among other things building launch silos in Roswell, NM for intercontinental ballistics missiles (ICBMs). When the Korean War erupted, he joined the Army on Sept. 1, 1950, was promoted to sergeant first class and was honorably discharged on May 10, 1952. Nathan was thrice married. His first bride was Mary Mae Jensen (1924-2013) in about 1946, after the close of the second world war. She was the sister of his brother in law Norbert Charles Jensen and the daughter of James Peter and Elizabeth (Scheulen) Jensen. The couple had two children -- Nathan Eugene Armstrong Guinn and Neatha Kay Armstrong Guinn. Sadly, the marriage only lasted a few years years. In 1949, he was united in marriage with Mary "Barbara" Burch (1927-1999) of Tulsa. The same year, his ex-wife Mary Mae remarried to Leo E. "Gene" Guinn ( ? - ? ), son of Wiley and Ethel Guinn, and who adopted her two children. Nathan and Barbara bore two children of their own -- Dean Burch Armstrong and Dale Armstrong-Yos. Barbara was an elementary educator and taught second grade at Del Norte Elementary School in Roswell, NM for 28 years and remedial reading, speech and writing for a decade at New Mexico Military Academy. The second marriage, too, ended in divorce, and Barbara remarried to Ben L Peek. Nathan was wedded in Mexico, to his third spouse, Janice Smith on Dec. 9, 1961. They had one son of their own, Gregory Armstrong, who sadly died young. Nathan died in Phoenix on Feb. 5, 1998 at the age of 72. His remains were placed into rest at the National Memorial Cemetery of Arizona. [Find-a-Grave]
Daughter Eunice Juanita Armstrong (1927-2020) was born on May 19, 1927 in Kingfisher. On April 20, 1946, when she was age 19, Eunice married 26-year-old Glen David Fergason (1920-2010), son of Henry Levi and Jenny Christina (Carlson) Fergason of Elk City, OK. The nuptials were celebrated in Hennessey, Kingfisher County. As the story goes, Glen first had dates Eunice's older sister Erma. But when he was away during World War II, she married someone else. During that time, Eunice's other sister Ardeth wrote to Glen several times a week. But when he came home after the war, she had begun a relationship with her future husband. So he asked Eunice herself out on a date, and they made a match. They went on to enjoy a marriage lasting 64 years, separated in the end only by death. During his college years, Glen wrestled under legendary coaches Edward C. Gallagher and Art Griffith at Oklahoma State University. Their five children were Thelma Jo Price, Edith Ann Tillson, David Glen Fergason Jr., Charles Edward Fergason and Lee Paul Fergason. They lived in Tulsa and then in about 1982 relocated to Antlers, OK.
Reported a newspaper, "He served his country during World War II and the Korean War then retired as a Lieutenant Colonel of the United States Air Force. Glen was a member of the [Oklahoma State University] Alumni Association, VFW, and Antlers First United Methodist Church & Choir. He enjoyed reading, feeding wildlife, giving to church & charities, watching sports, watching and coaching wrestling and spending time with family & friends." Eunice enjoyed being of service to others and loved to bake and crochet. One of her specialties was peanut butter balls which she took to home football games of Kingfisher High School. Circa 1976, the Fergasons' home was in Richardson, TX. Glen passed away on Nov. 8, 2010, at the age of 90. His death terminated a marriage having spanned 64 years. The funeral was led by Rev. Robert Duran and held in the First United Methodist Church of Antlers. At his death, reported a newspaper, his survivors included 14 grandchildren and 18 great-grandchildren. Eunice outlived her husband by nine-plus years. The founder of this website had the privilege and pleasure of meeting her at the 2015 Barnum-Armstrong Reunion, held in Guthrie. Her final years were spent in Durant, OK. Grief blanketed her world in 2017 at the untimely death of one of her twin sons, Lee Paul Fergason. At the age of 92, she became unresponsive after a trip to the local emergency room and died on Jan. 20, 2020. Funeral services were held in the family church, with burial following in Finley (OK) Cemetery. An obituary reported that she was survived by14 grandchildren and "numerous" great-grandchildren and great-great grandchildren.
Daughter Hazel Ruth Armstrong (1928-2017) was born on Aug. 1, 1928 in Kingfisher. She married Donald R. McClung (1928-2008), son of Omer Wilson and Effie Mae (Smith) McClung of near Okeene, Blaine County, OK. Their marriage took place on March 31, 1947, in Enid, Garfield County, OK, when both Hazel and Donald were age 18. Their longtime home was in Okeene. The couple produced three daughters -- Eliena Ruth McClung, Maria Donnette Nease and Geraldine Lynn "Gerri" Heidebrecht. The Enid News once reported that Don was a member of the U.S. Army during World War II and was a member of the VFW and Okeene Church of Christ. His employers over the years included Hahn Truck Lines, Southard and Texaco. Starting in 1967, the family also took over cultivating a farm which had been in continuous family ownership since 1897, and which by 2007 was considered a "Centennial Farm."
In April 2007, the couple celebrated their 60th wedding anniversary with a reception for friends and family and the Okeene Church of Christ. Donald died on July 12, 2008, at the age of 79. Funeral services were held in the Okeene Church of Christ, with Bob Rowley and George Mayfield officiating. His remains were lowered to eternal rest in the Collins Cemetery near Okeene. Heartache rocked the family again when the McClungs' 28-year-old granddaughter, Elizabeth Nicole Nowakowski-Nease, passed away on May 18, 2015. In July, Hazel and some of her family attended the annual Armstrong Reunion held at Guthrie, OK. She passed away at the age of 88 on Feb. 1, 2017. A death notice was published in the Enid News & Eagle.
Daughter Dorothy "Jewel" Armstrong (1931-living) was born on Oct. 2, 1930 in Billings, Noble County, OK. At the age of 19, on Aug. 10, 1949, in Hennessey, she wed 21-year-old Anthony J. Felder (1928-living). He was the son of John David and Velma Elizabeth (Biggs) Felder. Their five offspring are Gladys Elizabeth "Beth" Weber, Jane Ann Nusz, Joan Marie Geers, Laura Ruth Felder, Barbara Bernice Krepps and Anthony John Felder Jr. Over the years, Anthony has worked as a government surveyor, farmer and licensed aircraft pilot. Many of his wife's nephews worked on his farm during their summers. The Felders made their home in the Oklahoma City area and have been members of the St. Anthony of Padua Catholic Church of Okeene. When the church produced a cookbook to celebrate its centennial anniversary, recipes were contributed by Jane Nusz, Niki Nusz Lipps, Barbara Creps, Ruth Boeckman, Gary Boeckman, Katrena Boeckman Winter and Keith Boeckman. Circa 1960, Anthony served as president of the Okeene Chamber of Commerce. He began catching rattlesnakes in the hills west of Okeene in about 1939 and, despite a few brushes with nearly deadly bites, has continued the practice for decades as part of Okeene's Rattlesnake Roundup. He has been interviewed by the Wall Street Journal ("Rounding Up Rattlers: A Town Tradition," July 7, 1987) and Sports Illustrated, and some have called it the oldest rattlesnake hunt in the nation. In 2008, Jewell and Anthony and their four daughters traveled to Pittsburgh for the very first time -- their branch having left the region for Ohio nearly 200 years earlier circa 1812 -- to help celebrate the city's milestone anniversary at our "Pittsburgh 250" national family reunion.
Son Marion Earl Armstrong (1936-living) was born on July 10, 1936 in Dover, Kingfisher County. On June 10, 1961, in Tulsa, when he was age 25, Marion married 20-year-old Mildred "Carol" Bright (1941-2013), daughter of John C. and Mildred Gladys (Hilton) Bright of Tulsa. Their two sons were Brian Galen Armstrong and Darren Armstrong. Circa 1976-2015, the family resided in Owasso and Collinsville, Tulsa County, OK. There, Marion spent more than 50 years as a structural steel checker in the construction industry. Sadly, Carol passed away in Collinsville on Oct. 21, 2013, at the age of 72. An obituary in the Tulsa World newspaper reported that she was survived by five grandchildren and one great-grandchild. Interment was in the Memorial Park Cemetery Chapel, officiated by Phil Bright. Marion survived his wife and attended the 2015 Armstrong Reunion held in Guthrie, OK, where he and the founder of this website had an opportunity to meet.
~ Son James "Roy" Barnum ~
James "Roy" Barnum (1899-1970) was born on Nov. 7, 1899 in Columbia, Kingfisher County, in then what was considered Indian Territory.
He grew up in Columbia, near Crescent, and was a student at the Banner School, where his elder sister Gladys would someday teach. As a young man, he was of medium height and slender build, with brown eyes and hair.
In 1918, with World War I raging in Europe, he registered for the military draft. On the draft card, he disclosed that he worked for his father near Dover and that his nearest relative was his mother.
When he was 28 years of age, on Jan. 15, 1929, Roy married 20-year-old Emma Anna Yoder (1909-2004), a native of Illinois. The nuptials took place in Enid, with justice of the peace M.E. Shackley officiating. Emma was one of a dozen children of Pearl Elliott and Elizabeth (Uhlenhake) Yoder.
A few months into their marriage, in April 1929, on the eve of the Great Depression, the newlyweds moved to Kingfisher, where Roy found work as a farmer.
Later, they relocated in Enid, Garfield County, OK, where Roy was employed as a flour packer for many years by Pillsbury Mills, Inc.
They were members of the Olivet Baptist Church.
Their two children were Norman "Keith" Barnum and Wilma Louise Maynard.
When the federal census enumeration was made in 1930, the Barnums dwelled on North Fifth Street in Enid.
By 1940, they had moved within Enid to a home on West Birch Street. That year, Roy's widowed mother lived under their roof.
After suffering from an illness for five months, Roy died in a hospital in Enid on Sept. 5, 1970, at the age of 70. He was entombed in the Banner Cemetery in Dover, Kingfisher County, following funeral services officiated by Rev. Jerry M. Chastain.
The headline of his obituary in the Kingfisher Free Press read: "Mrs. Armstrong's Brother Dies at Enid."
As a widow, Emma lived for another 34 years. She spent her final time on earth under the roof of her son Keith in Edmond, OK.
She passed away on Sept. 6, 2004. Burial was beside her husband.
Son Norman "Keith" Barnum (1929-2018) was born on July 16, 1929 in Kingfisher.On Jan. 17, 1954, in nuptials held in Enid, OK, Keith wed Betty Ann Pool (1929-living), daughter of Byron Albert and Carrie Rose (Zachgo) Poole, longtime farmers and residents of Crescent, Logan County. Their marriage endured for 64 years until the separation of death cleaved them apart. The Barnums produced four children, among them James "Michael" Barnum, Dennis William Barnum, Mark Alan Barnum and Sheri Kay Hartley. They lived for many years in Edmond, Oklahoma County, OK. Keith attended Enid Business College. During his career, he was an accountant -- in his words a "bean counter" -- for four different construction companies and a lumber yard but primarily for Robberson Steel, a metals fabricator. He finally retired in 1987. For many years, he was devoted to preserving and promoting the heritage of his "Okie" ancestors, and assembled thick notebooks containing his research findings. Circa 2001, Keith found Minerd.com while surfing the web and offered his extensive archive of photographs and documents to freely be added to the website. In the early to mid-2000s, he hosted a website devoted to the Brown-Barnum branch of the family. He also maintained a separate private Barnum site hosted by MyFamily.com. In 2015, at a Barnum-Armstrong Reunion held in Guthrie, OK, he finally met the founder of this website after 14 years of email correspondence. Keith has generously shared his memories, photographs and historic documents of the pioneer Brown-Barnum family of Central Oklahoma, and Minerd.com wishes to extend its most profound gratitude. Keith and Betty relocated to Oklahoma City where he loved to paint, enjoy the arts and play bingo. While visiting his son Mark in the autumn of 2018, Keith became ill and died at the age of 89 on Nov. 8, 2018 in Leonardtown, MD. His remains were returned to his beloved Oklahoma for interment.
Great-grandson Michael "Damon" Barnum married Mandy. They dwell in Huntington, IN.
Great-grandson Justin Earl Barnum resides in Mercer Island, WA.
Great-granddaughter Kianna J. "Annie" Barnum was joined in wedlock with Jeremy Montz. Their home is in Indianapolis, and their two children are Paige M. Montz and Kora Sue Montz.
Daughter Wilma Louise Barnum (1931-2011) was born on Jan. 12, 1931 in Enid, Garfield County, OK. When she was 19 years of age, on May 19, 1951, she wed B.T. "Billy" Maynard in Rockwall, TX. The Maynards had four children -- Dorothy Louise Maynard, Jesse Thomas Maynard, Margaret Ann Brown and Virginia Lee Maynard. They resided in Richardson and McKinney, TX, where she was a Worthy Matron of the Order of the Eastern Star. She also served as president of the McKinney Assembly of the SOOB, a member of the American Legion Auxiliary and the Texas Society of the Order of Confederate Rose. Wilma died on June 26, 2011. Burial was in the Pecan Grove Cemetery in McKinney.
~ Son Ted Leon Barnum ~
Ted Leon Barnum was born on Feb. 8, 1902 in Columbia.
On June 1, 1920, in a ceremony held at the county courthouse in Guthrie, Logan County, OK, the 18-year-old Ted married 20-year-old Zella Fay Milford (1900-1992) of Crescent. Judge Bowler led the nuptials. She was a native of Cimarron City, OK.
They had four sons, among them Laverne Roy Barnum, Francis Barnum, Jerry Eugene Barnum and Merle G. Barnum.
Sadly, son Merle died on May 15, 1937, a few months shy of his 10th birthday. Burial was in Banner Cemetery in Dover, Kingfisher County, among the generations of his pioneer ancestors there who rest under the sod.
The family initially lived in Enid, Garfield County, OK.
By 1935, Ted migrated to Washington State, settling in McKenzie, Chelan County, while Zella and the young children remained behind temporarily. There, he earned a living as a farm laborer, and sent for his wife and children to join them. In nearby Wenatchee resided a distant double-cousin and apple-grower, Alfred Arthur Younkin.
The 1940 census shows the Barnums in McKenzie, with farm laborer Leslie Herrick boarding in their home.
Ted died in Wenatchee on Nov. 19, 1973, at the age of 71. He is buried in the Wenatchee Cemetery, where his son Laverne had been laid into rest some 13 years earlier. [Find-a-Grave]
Zella survived him by nearly two decades. She passed into eternity the day after Christmas on Dec. 26, 1992 in Yakima, Yakima County, WA. She is entombed near her husband and son in Wenatchee.
Son Roy "Laverne" Barnum (1920-1960) was born in 1920 in Oklahoma. He came to Washington State with his mother and brothers in the late 1930s. At the age of 19, in 1940, he worked as a laborer in a local lumber box mill. He may never have married. Laverne died at the age of 39 on May 7, 1960. He rests for eternity in the Wenatchee City Cemetery. [Find-a-Grave]
Son Francis Milford Barnum (1923- ? ) was born in 1922 in Kingfisher. He migrated to Washington State with his parents and brothers. In 1940, at the age of 17, he was employed as a warehouseman at a fruit packing plant in McKenzie, Chelan County, WA. He lived in California in the 1970s.
Son Jerry Eugene Barnum (1925-2001) was born on May 15, 1925 in Kingfisher. He served in the U.S. Navy with the Seventh Fleet in the Pacific Theatre during World War II. Later, he relocated to Washington State, where he "taught at Moses Lake Jr. High School and Ephrata Elementary School for a combined seven years before starting his own janitorial business and restaurant maintenance company," said the Yakima Herald-Republic. He also was a leader in the Boy Scouts and Eagle Scouts programs. He married Elsie Regehr (1926- ? ) in about 1946, when he would have been 21 years of age, and she 20. They resided in Yakima, WA and had six children -- Michele L. Cooper, Kathy J. Rodrigues, Wesley D. Barnum, Claudia D. Hendrickson, Daniel L. Barnum and Carolyn J. "Carrie" Hogue Combs. Jerry died on Aug. 4, 2001. His news obituary noted that he was survived by 10 grandchildren and 13 great-grandchildren.
~ Daughter Wilma Leona (Barnum) Kester ~
Daughter Wilma Leona Barnum (1908-1996) was born on July 21, 1908 in Lovell, Logan County, OK.
She married Calvin Grover Kester (1892-1961), the son of Henry J. and Mary (Neidhart) Kester and a native of Flatrock near Napoleon, Henry County. OH. The ceremony was held on Aug. 12, 1931, when Wilma was age 23 and Calvin 39. Rev. D.L. Edwards, pastor of the Presbyterian Church of Enid, led the ceremony.
Calvin was of medium height and build, with blue eyes and light hair. At the time of marriage, he was a building carpenter in Enid, Garfield County, OK. He was a U.S. Army veteran of World War I, having lived at the time of enlistment in Buffalo, WY where he labored as a farmer.
They are not thought to have reproduced.
After their marriage sometime during the early 1930s, they relocated to West Longmont, Boulder County, CO. There, Calvin continued his longtime specialty as a carpenter. In 1956, when named in the Kingfisher Weekly Free Press obituary of her mother, Wilma was reported to have resided in Denver.
Calvin passed away on May 22, 1961 at the age of 69. His remains were placed into rest in the Fort Logan National Cemetery in Denver.
Wilma remained in Longmont/Englewood for the remaining 35 years of her life. She died there on Jan. 12, 1996.
~ More on Kingfisher ~
One of Kingfisher's more interesting residents over the years was Carl Mays, who became a star Major League Baseball pitcher with a 207-126 lifetime record.
A native of Liberty, KY, Mays moved to Kingfisher with his mother at the age of 12, in about 1903, and lived there until signing a minor league contract in 1912 with an Idaho team.
Tragically, his career plummeted into infamy when, as a member of the New York Yankees, one of his "submarine" pitches in a 1920 game accidentally beaned and killed Cleveland Indians player Ben Chapman. Chapman is the only Major Leaguer to lose his life directly from an on-field incident.
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