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James C. Cain (1847-1915) and
Margaret Ellen White


James and Margaret Ellen

James C. Cain was born in February 1847 in Marshall County, WV, one of 10 children of John and Ann Elizabeth (Earlywine) Cain

His second wife, Margaret Ellen White, was born on Nov. 2, 1851 in West Virginia, the daughter of Alexander and Eliza (Miller) White.

James grew up in Knob Fork in nearby Wetzel County, WV, where his parents were lifetime farmers.


Rachel's grave, 1875

An article in the Moundsville Daily Echo once said that James “spent his entire life in West Va., until coming to Washington (PA) in 1907. Mr. Cain spent a number of years in farming. After retiring from farming, for five years he was located in Hundred, West Va., where he was largely engaged in handling coal."

On Oct. 20, 1870, when he was 23 years of age, James married his first wife, 17-year-old Rachel Ann Reid (1853-1875), the daughter of Edward and Harriet Reid. 

They had four children – Josephine Derrow, twins John Edwin Cain and James Edwards Cain and Ida Bell Antill. The family resided in Howard, Marshall County, WV, where their eldest daughter was born.

Heartache shook the family twice in the first three months of 1875. James lost his father, 60-year-old John Cain, on Jan. 26, 1875. Then, just a little more than a month later, on March 1, 1875, Rachel died of a bad cold. She was just 21 years and nine months of age. She was laid to rest in the Gray Cemetery, adjacent to Route 74 on Upper Fish Creek, just a short distance from Adaline, Marshall County. 

[The grave marker, seen here, was photographed by the founder of this website in May 2015. It was marked with artificial flowers of orange, yellow and white. The identity of the person responsible for this loving gesture is not known.]


Rachel's grave circled at the Grey Cemetery near Adaline, WV


James and Margaret Ellen, 1880s

Her untimely death left her husband to raise four young children between the ages of four and a few months. The month after Rachel's death, James and his siblings and their spouses jointly agreed to sell their late father's 103-acre farm. A deed was drawn up on April 14, 1875 to convey the tract to Nicholas H. Gats for a sales prices of $1,750. All of James' siblings and their husbands and wives of his siblings affixed their signatures to the document, but he signed by himself as he was no longer married. Today the deed may be found in Wetzel County Deed Book 11, page 11.

To help care for the motherless children, a neighbor woman in her early 20s was sent to live with the Cains -- Margaret Ellen White (1851-1919) -- whose father had been killed in the Civil War. She apparently resided in the Cain household and eventually fell in love with her employer and his family of four kids.

After less than five years as a widower, James and Margaret were married, on Jan. 11, 1880, by the hand of George W. Franklin. Records of this marriage have been found in the archives of West Virginia University. James was age 33 at the time, and Margaret 29.

When the federal census was taken later that year, in June, the Cains made their home in Silver Hill the Center District of Wetzel County, next to his married sisters Lydia Jackson and Catherine Jackson.


James and Margaret Ellen, early 1900s

The Cains -- seen here in an old tintype -- went on to have five daughters – Osta Arminta Miner, Armena Viancy Miner Marshall, Eliza Ann Elizabeth Marshall, Susan J. Cain and Jessie Maude Cain. 

They mixed family resided on a hilltop near Bellton and also in and around Silver Hill, Wetzel County, WV.

In 1894, James purchased a farm of 101 acres near the town of Hundred in the Church District of Wetzel County. It was located at Lough Knob, one of the higher peaks in Wetzel County's geography. He sold this tract in 1897 and in the 1900 census is shown to be on another farm in the Church District. Following retirement, they moved to a town lot in Hundred circa 1904.

According to an question-and-answer interview with their daughter Armena, recorded by a grandson at Christmas 1971, James once had:

... a big farm, and we had to work on it. We used to hoe corn and rake wheat and pitch hay and do everything like that... He was away back down ... toward ...  where Hundred and Bellton was. We lived on a hill above Bellton for a long time. I was practically raised there and I was married there, in the old farm house... Pop had a big farm out there. We had a lot of hay, a big farm field, we had a little pond.

Tragedy rocked the family again in 1907, when daughter Susan, who was staying with her married sister Armena in Washington, PA, passed away unexpectedly. 

Shortly afterward, the deeply grieving James and Margaret Ellen relocated to Washington to be near their daughters Ida and Armena. They joined the West Washington Methodist Church, transferring their membership from the Christian Church. Said the Daily Echo, "Since coming to Washington [James] was engaged at work with the Findlay Clay Pot Co. until about two years ago, when he was compelled to give up factory work on account of poor health. During this period he has spent most of his time, when able to work, in garden making."


B&O Railroad depot in Hundred, WV


Moundsville Daily Echo

In the late 1910s, married daughters Osta Miner and Eliza Marshall and their husbands moved to Denver, Colorado. During that time, at least two granddaughters were born in the Mile High City, but tragically one granddaughter -- Gertrude Marshall -- died there, the body was shipped to Washington and then transported to Margaret Ellen's home for the funeral. 

James was afflicted in later years with chronic kidney disease and cystitis. When contracting pneumonia in the autumn of 1915, his health declined rapidly. He passed away at home on Oct. 28, 1915, at the age of 68. 


Washington Cemetery

In an obituary, he was said to have been “a well-known and highly respected resident of the Eighth Ward,” said the Moundsville Daily Echo. “Mr. Cain had made many friends while in Washington, and his death came as a great shock to them. His death was due to pneumonia, after one week of illness.” Burial was in Washington Cemetery.

His brother John C. Cain, who lived in Taylors Ridge, WV, and W.J. Derrow, of Glen Easton, WV, both traveled to attend the funeral. Their visits were noted in a brief article in the Moundsville Daily Echo (Nov. 1, 1915).

After three-plus years as a widow, remaining in her home at 167 Addison, Margaret Ellen passed away at age 67 on Jan. 6, 1919. The cause was a stroke and hardening of the arteries. She was laid to rest beside her husband, with a brief death notice appearing in the local newspapers.

The year that Margaret Ellen died -- 1919 -- was especially hard on the Cains' daughter Armena Miner. The mother of seven children, ranging in age from 18 to 2, Armena suddenly and unexpectedly became widowed later that summer, in July 1919, when her 42-year-old husband Harry Orlan Miner died after a series of strokes.


Oval portrait of the Cains (circled in red) in the living room of their daughter Armena, left, and lovingly preserved today by a great-grandson, right.

To help the younger children remember their deceased father and grandparents, Armena commissioned two large oval photo portraits that were color-tinted in chalk. The portrait of her parents hung in Armena's home on Fayette Street in West Washington for decades and then, after she sold the house, it was displayed in her apartment. Today the Cain portrait is lovingly treasured and preserved by a great-grandson.

During the 1920s, the Cains' married daughters Armena Miner and Osta Miner and husband Will took a driving trip one day to Hundred and visited the old log cabin at Rock Camp where their parents had lived circa 1900-1907. The log house remained in place for several more decades and was used as a hunting camp. Family members visited the site during the summer of 1984. Unfortunately, the structure burned to the ground in a mysterious fire in 1985.

~ Daughter Josephine (Cain) Derrow ~ 


Josephine and James Derrow

Daughter Josephine Cain (1871-1958) was born on Sept. 17, 1871, in Howard, Marshall County, the eldest of nine siblings. 

She married James Monroe Derrow (1862-1945) in about 1890, when she was age 19 and he 28. He was the son of  James and Elizabeth (Rine) Derrow.


Rosby's Rock, a local landmark

Their nine children were Jehu Derrow, Cora E. Workman, Ina "Inez" Carmichael, James "Cecil" Derrow, Reca "Recie" Mason, Thelma C.M. Blake, John Jackson Derrow, Hulda Derrow and one unidentified child.

They resided for many years on a farm near Glen Easton and Rosby's Rock (also spelled Roseby's Rock and Rosbby's Rock), north of Fish Creek in the Meade District of Marshall County, WV. James' unmarried brother Francis Derrow made his home under their roof for many years in the early 1900s. 

Rosby's Rock is a local landmark in Marshall County, about seven miles east of the county seat of Moundsville. At that spot, on Christmas Eve 1852, the main line track of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad was completed, linking Baltimore, MD and Wheeling, WV. A large rock at the site was inscribed to commemorate the event -- and measures 58 feet long, 20 feet high and 20 feet thick, containing some 900 cubic yards of stone.

Josephine's widowed half-sister Armena Miner occasionally brought her brood of young children to the Derrow farm for two-week visits in the summers during the early 1920s. Josephine and her sisters enjoyed getting together for family outings and functions. They often wore bright print dresses and hats. 

Circa 1920, James served as president of the Meade school board, and was listed by name in the Educational Directory of the West Virginia State Department of Education. Among his fellow officers were J.H Crow, L.W. Franklin and G.W. Kelley.


The Cain sisters at an unknown park in the late 1940s or early '50s -- left to right: Josephine Derrow, Eliza Marshall, Ida Antill, J. Maude Cain and Armena Miner Marshall

In August 1927, Josephine and her family were among some 800-plus guests attending the Richmond family reunion held at Crow's Grove on Fork Ridge. Reported the Moundsville Daily Echo, "No person would have believed that there were more than eight hundred people named Richmond, or who had been named Richmond and married and thus changed their names, or who had married Richmonds, or who were descended from the Richmonds who settled in Marshall county. Yet the roll signed at the Richmond reunion ... is the all-sufficient proof. It was an ideal day of meeting old friends and gaining new ones. Everyone seemed to be one family in sentiment as well as name." Sons John and Jehu were named in the Echo article, published Aug. 10, 1927. [link]


Salem Church of Christ Cemetery

When the federal census was enumerated in 1930, grandson Floyd B. Derrow, age 12, made his home with Josephine and James. At some point the Derrows retired from farming, and moved into the town of Moundsville. Their home was located at 1401 Center Street.

Suffering from stomach cancer, James died on Sept. 27, 1945, at the age of 81. His name was spelled "Derrah" on his official West Virginia certificate of death.

Josephine outlived her husband by seven years. She passed away of a cerebral "accident' and hypertension at the age of 81, on March 11, 1958. They rest together for eternity at the Salem Church of Christ Cemetery on Bowman Ridge in Marshall County.



Son Jehu Derrow (1890-1974) was born on Oct. 26, 1890 (or 1891) in Marshall County. He had grey eyes and brown hair and was of medium height and build. He was twice married. His first bride was Mary Ritchman (or "Richmond"). They resided in Good Intent, Washington County, PA and had four children -- J.T. Derrow, Charles Derrow, Ila Dutton and Forrest A. "Frosty" Derrow. Circa 1917, when at age 26 he registered for the World War I draft, he was a self-employed farmer near Cameron, Marshall County. In August 1927, Jehu and his parents and brother John were named in a Moundsville Daily Echo article for having attended the Richmond Family Reunion at Crow's Grove on Fork Ridge, Marshall County. At the time, Jenu's residence was printed as Glendale, WV. Sadly, their marriage did not last, although Mary's fate is unknown. Jehu married again to Martha A. Stout (1905-1999) on May 12, 1936, when he was age 46 and she 31. They were 15 years apart in age. Martha was the daughter of Thomas B. and Grace (Barnhart) Stout, of Claysville, Washington County, and brought a daughter to the marriage, Margaret Cox. Martha was a teacher, having received her certificate from West Liberty State College, and was a homemaker, beautician and caregiver in Claysville. Jehu and Martha had two children of their own -- Grace V. Stewart and Nancy Muth. Said the Washington Observer-Reporter, Jehu was a "custodian at the Somerset Elementary Building of the Bentworth School District. He had operated a dairy farm near Marianna for many years." In 1970, their home was in Ontario, near Eighty Four, Washington County, PA. Jehu died on Jan. 4, 1974, at the age of 84, having been injured in an automobile accident a few days earlier on New Year's Eve. Martha outlived him by a quarter of a century. She enjoyed "cooking, flowers and crocheting," said the Washington Observer-Reporter, and spent her final years at her home at 105 East Hallam Avenue in Washington. When she reached her 92nd birthday, she was pictured with an article in the Observer-Reporter. She died at home on Feb. 11, 1999, and was laid to rest in West Finley Cemetery. The local newspaper said she was survived by 18 grandchildren, 27 great-grandchildren and 13 great-great grandchildren. 

  • Grandson J.T. Derrow ( ? - ? ) married Sue Ann Kalcun (1919-1970). They resided at 4303 Eoff Street in Wheeling. They had two sons, James Derrow and Thomas Derrow. Sue Ann passed away two days after Christmas 1970, at age 51, with burial in Mt. Calvary Cemetery in Wheeling.
  • Grandson Forrest A. "Frosty" Derrow (1932-2003) was born on Sept. 27, 1932 in Good Intent. He married Mildred E. "Millie" McCartney ( ? -2003) on Nov. 27, 1955 in Washington. They had two sons, Michael Edward Derrow and Joseph Derrow. Forrest was employed for many years as a millwright with Jones & Laughlin Steel in Aliquippa, Beaver County, PA. He also enjoyed working as an automobile mechanic in local garages in Washington, and was a member of the Eagles lodge of Bentleyville and Moose of Cokeburg. Millie passed away on March 3, 2003. Forrest outlived her only by a month and a half, dying at home in Eighty Four on April 24, 2003. He was interred in Scenery Hill Cemetery.


Aliquippa Works of Jones & Laughlin Steel. From a painting by Howard Fogg for the Pittsburgh & Lake Erie Railroad Co., of the New York Central System.
  • Granddaughter Ila Derrow married (?) Dutton and resided in Taylorstown, PA.
  • Grandson Charles D. Derrow made his home in Washington, PA.
  • Granddaughter Nancy Derrow wed (?) Muth and lived in Eighty-Four.

Daughter Cora E. Derrow (1892-1974?) was born on May 14, 1892 in Meighan, Marshall County. At the age of 21, on Nov. 8, 1914, she wed 31-year-old farmer Genious Leslie "Eugene" Workman (1883- ? ), a resident of Captina, WV. Rev. James B. Smith officiated at the ceremony in Moundsville. Eugene was of medium height and build with brown eyes and red hair. They had at least two sons, Charles Workman and Arthur Workman, and helped raise a grandson, Wilford Ruckman. Circa 1930, they lived on a farm in the Franklin District of Marshall County. In 1970, she resided in Navarre, Stark County, OH. She died there in October 1974.


Local landmark: prehistoric Indian burial 
mound in Moundsville, 79 ft. high

Daughter Ina "Inez" V. Derrow (1895- ? ) was born on June 21, 1895 at Fish Creek, Marshall County. On April 19, 1913, at Meighen, Inez married Frank C. Carmichael (1893- ? ). Rev. C.I. Travis performed the nuptials. She was age 18 at the time, and he 20. They had three known children -- Paul Carmichael, Floyd Carmichael and Betty L. Carmichael. In 1930, their home was on Center Street in Moundsville, boarding from landlords Arthur and June M. West. That year, Frank worked as a coal loader in a local coal mine.

Son James "Cecil" Derrow (1897-1980) was born on March 22, 1897 in Meighen, Marshall County. He had dark brown hair and light brown eyes and was of medium height and slender build. At the age of 20, Cecil married 19-year-old Wanda Virginia Lancaster (1898-1988). The ceremony took place on March 2, 1918 at the home of David Lancaster, officiated by Rev. Nelson S. Hill. Just three months after their marriage, James registered for the World War I draft and stated to the draft board officer that he was self-employed, living at Glen Easton, with his father as his next of kind. The couple had one known daughter, Ruth D. Derrow. In 1920, the federal census shows the Derrows living on a farm in Glen Easton in the the Meade District of Marshall County, with Wanda's brother C. Stanley Lancaster and his wife Leona living next door. They remained in the Glen Easton area for many years. Cecil passed away in Glen Easton in May 1980. Wanda outlived him by eight years. She died in Wheeling, Ohio County, WV on June 23, 1988.

Daughter Reca O. "Recie" Derrow (1901-1989) was born on May 27, 1901 near Meighen, Marshall County. A cousin, Ora F. Conner, knew this date and later provided it in an affidavit so Recie could obtain a delayed birth certificate. At the age of 23, Recie wed 24-year-old William Dinsmore Mason (1900-1979) of Glen Easton, thought to have been the son of J.L.O. Mason. The family's pastor, Rev. James B. Smith, performed the nuptials in Moundsville. William was tall and slender with grey eyes and dark brown hair. Their one known son was Kenneth W. Mason. The family made its home on a farm near Meighen in 1930, with nephew Paul Carmichael, age 16, living under their roof. In 1963-1970, Recie made her home in Proctor, WV. He is thought to have died in January 1979, and she is believed to have passed away in Glen Easton on July 2, 1989, at the age of 88.


Highways and steep byways in rural Marshall County

Daughter Thelma C.M. Derrow (1905-1941) was born on Feb. 2, 1905. She married Glen Easton native Wilbert D. Blake (1902- ? ) when she was age 19 and he 22. Rev. James B. Smith officiated, with the ceremony held on Nov. 30, 1924 in Moundsville. They resided near Meighen in 1930 and at 1409 Center Street in Moundsville in the early 1940s. Their one known daughter was Imogene Blake. Tragedy rocked the family in autumn 1941, when Thelma died in childbirth, on Oct. 30, 1941, in Glendale Hospital. She was laid to rest in Salem Cemetery in Glen Easton. On her official West Virginia death certificate, her maiden name was spelled "Darrah."

Son John Jackson Derrow (1906- ? ) was born on April 10, 1906 in between Meighen and Glen Easton, Marshall County. He wed Glen Easton resident Beulah P. Mason (1909- ? ) on Jan. 21, 1925, when he was 20 and she 18. The ceremony was held in Moundsville, with Rev. James B. Smith presiding. Their two known children were Beulah Derrow and Richard Derrow. The 1930 census shows John and Beulah and the children making their home on Second Street in the Washington District of Marshall County. There, John was employed as a laborer in a glass factory. Circa 1942, John lived at 2006 Center Street in Moundsville.

James "Ed" Cain

~ Son James Edwards "Ed" Cain ~ 

Son James Edwards "Ed" Cain (1873-1946) was born on July 17, 1873, in Marshall County, WV and was a twin with his brother John Edwin "Win" Cain. (His birthdate also has been given as July 8, 1873.)

The twins were only two years of age when their mother died. They grew up in a household with their father and at age seven acquired a step-mother.

Ed never married. As an adult, he was of medium height and build, with dark blue eyes and dark brown hair.

Said the Washington Reporter, "A machinist by trade, Mr. Cain was employed for 16 years by the Canonsburg Standard Tin Plate Company and during that period he resided at 321 Greenside avenue, Canonsburg." 


Washington Cemetery

In 1900, Ed made his home in Cecil, Washington County, as a lodger with Joseph and Ella Reed. They may have been relatives of his mother's. He worked for the Reeds as a farm laborer that year.

The federal census of 1910 shows Ed as a boarder in the household of John and Dora Gragg on Broad Street in Washington. (The census-taker spelled his name "Kane.") Age 36 that year, his employment was given as "laborer - glass works," and he may have worked at the same Hazel Atlas Glass Company as did his twin brother Win and nephews Odger and Orlan Miner.

Ed lived in Ohio for a number of years in the early 1910s. When registering for the military draft during World War I, in September 1918, the 45-year-old Ed lived at 229 Smithfield Street in Canonsburg, Washington County. He stated his occupation as tin mill worker for Standard Tin Plate Company and that his next of kin was his sister Ida Antill of Washington.

By 1920, the 47-year-old Ed was a lodger in the Canonsburg home of Timothy and Anna M. Oherron, with his occupation marked in the census as "machinist - tin plate mill."

In later years Ed resided at 395 Burton Avenue in Washington. With his health failing, he was admitted to Rose Lawn Sanitarium in Washington.


Standard Tin Plate Company, where Ed Cain was employed for 16 years

Suffering from bronchial pneumonia and "senile deterioration," as one physician described, he died there on Feb. 4, 1946, at the age of 72. Some family sources say he jumped from an upstairs window. His tired remains were laid to rest in the old Cain family plot in Washington Cemetery. The name on his grave marker is inscribed "Edward," without the final "s."

Win and Ella Cain

~ Son John Edwin "Win" Cain ~ 

Son John Edwin Cain was born on July 17, 1873, in Marshall County, WV and was a twin with his brother James Edwards Cain. His date of birth alternately has come down in historical records as July 8, 1873.

John Edwin also was known as "Edwin W. Cain" or simply "Win." As far as can be deduced, he did not use the name "John" in his adult life, except in the most formal of documents. He was of medium height and build with blue eyes and black hair.


Washington Cemetery

Edwin and his twin brother were only two years of age when their mother died, and were seven years old when Margaret Ellen White became their stepmother. As boys, they would have relocated with the family when they moved to Rock Camp in Hundred, Wetzel County, WV.

On Sept. 19, 1896, Edwin married Nancy "Ella" Taylor (1876-1962), the daughter of Francis and Ellen Taylor, also of Wetzel County. He was age 23, and she 21, at the time of their marriage. Rev. Amos Himelrick performed the wedding ceremony at the home of Ella's parents in Wetzel County.

The Cains initially resided in Wetzel County. Later, in about 1908, they relocated across the state line into Pennsylvania, and dwelled in West Washington, Washington County. They lived on Addison Street, and later made their home at 194 East Katherine Avenue. 

The couple had two children – Willard F. Cain and Martha "Lillian" Smith.


Hazel Atlas Glass plant in Washington, where Edwin, his brother Ed and nephews Odger and Orlan Miner are known to have worked


Twins Ed (left) and Win Cain

The federal census enumeration of 1910 lists the Cains as living on Addison Street, not far from Edwin's aged parents. That year, Edwin earned a living providing labor for "odd jobs."

Win later got a job at the Hazel Atlas Glass Company in Washington, where a mechanic for many years. Ella was a homemaker, and as a young woman was active in Salvation Army activities.

In September 1918, Win at age 45 filled out a registration card for the World War I draft. At the time, their address was 305 Addison Street, with Win earning a living as a machinist for Hazel Atlas Glass Company in Washington. His signature on the card reads "John Edwin Cain."

Win and his twin brother Ed were close over the years. The two brothers are seen here, circa the 1920s. Ed is on the left, wearing a high collar and necktie, and Win is on the right, wearing a bowtie. Both were troubled and may have shared the emotional anguish of losing their mother when they were so young.


Washington Reporter, 1931

When the federal census was taken in 1920, Win, Ellie and son Willard lived on Addison Street. That year, both father and son were laborers at the glass factory. Erroneously, the census-taker wrote Edwin's birthplace as "Ohio."

In 1930, the federal census shows Win, age 56, and Ella, age 53, living by themselves on Katherine Avenue in Washington, with Win continuing his longtime work as a machinist for the glass company.

At the age of 58, Win decided to end his life at home on Aug. 29, 1931, using a noose to hang himself. Said the Washington Reporter newspaper, he "was found dead in the cellar... He had been in ill health for several months following an operation." Private funeral services were held at their residence, led by Rev. J.H. Debolt of the West Washington Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Burial was in the family plot at Washington Cemetery, in a plot where five generations of Cain, White and Miner relatives , all with intermingled DNA, rest for eternity.

Ella outlived Win by more than three decades. She remained in their home at 194 East Katherine Avenue. In August 1951, she endured the death of her married daughter Lillian Martha Smith.

Sadly, Ella suffered from an intestinal ulcer for the last three years of her life. After contracting pneumonia in November 1962, her health declined rapidly and she passed away at the age of 86 on Nov. 14, 1962. At the time of her death, reported the Washington Observer, Ella was survived by seven grandchildren and 17 great-grandchildren. Burial was in Washington Cemetery.

Willard's entry in the book Washington's Part in the World War 


Willard Cain

Son Willard Francis Cain (1898-1971) was born on Nov. 11, 1898 in Springhill Township, Greene County, PA. In 1908, when he was age 10, Willard and his parents relocated to Washington, Washington County, PA. There, he grew to manhood. As a young adult, he was employed as a hardware salesman and made his home in Springhill Township, Greene County, PA. Then circa 1917, his address was 70 Caldwell Terrace in Washington. He was a veteran of both World War I and World War II. During the First World War, he was in the U.S. Army, enlisting on Oct. 25, 1917, and serving with the 178th Aero-Squadron and the 827th Aero-Squadron. At some point he was deployed to France. He returned to the United States in June 1919, sailing from Brest to Hoboken, NJ. He was twice married. In August 1924, when he was age 27 and she 24, Willard filled out a marriage license application with Elizabeth P. Hammond (1900- ? ). She was an "instructor" -- likely a teacher -- and the daughter of Ernest and Mary (Williams) Hammond of Bridgeville, PA. The application was filed Columbus, Franklin County, OH. The federal census enumeration of 1930 shows the pair together in South Strabane Township, Washington County, with Willard earning a living as a hardware salesman and her as an instructor with a telephone company. His Second World War service was from Oct. 12, 1942 to May 21, 1943, and he received his honorable discharge at Tinker Airfield in Oklahoma City. He lived in his mother's home after the war on EAst Katherine Avenue. Later, in 1954, Willard was united in wedlock with Esther Susanne (Johnson) Crosbie (May 3, 1899-1977), when he was age 56 and she 55. The daughter of James Hudson and Vernie Belle (Isiminger) Johnson, Esther had been married and divorced from Francis Leslie Crosbie. The couple did not reproduce. Said the Washington Observer-Reporter, he was:

...a member of the First United Presbyterian Church. He was a 50-year member of Lodge 164, F&AM [Free and Accepted Masons] and was a past-master of the lodge. He was also a member of the Royal Arch Chapter, Washington Council No., 1, Jacques DeMolay. He was employed by the Paul & Post Hardware Store and was later associated with Knestrick Electric Company. He later worked for the South Strabane school district until his retirement. He ... belonged to Edwin Scott Linton Post 175, American Legion and World War I Veterans Barracks 676. 

In 1962, living at 1739 East Maiden Street, he signed his mother's Pennsylvania death certificate. He died at the age of 73 on Sept. 22, 1971, in their home at 1739 East Maiden Street, "following a lingering illness," said the Washington Observer-Reporter in an obituary. "He is also survived by several nieces and nephews." Esther outlived her husband by six years, and passed into eternity on March 5, 1977, at the age of 78. They both are interred in Washington Cemetery.


Lillian Martha (Cain) Smith

Lillian Smith

Daughter Lillian Martha Cain (1900-1951) was born on April 6, 1900 in Washington County. She married David Rubin Smith (1895-1964) in about 1917, when she was age 17 and he was 22. David was a native of Greene County, PA and the son of Al and Mary (Tharp) Smith. Shortly after marriage, he joined the U.S. Armed Forces and served during World War I. The Smiths had seven known children -- Donald G. Smith, Wilbur L. Smith, Howard Edwin Smith, Ruth M. Smith, Helen I. Smith, Arthur Lloyd Smith and Herbert L. Smith, all born in the decade of the 1920s. Circa 1920, when the federal census was enumerated, the family lived on Fayette Street in West Washington, where many of the family had clustered over the years. They were members of the Broad Street Baptist Church. By 1930, the family had moved to a new home on Maple Avenue in Washington, with David employed as a machinist in a local tin mill. Then in about 1945, Lillian and David relocated to Newton Falls, Trumbull County, OH, and made their home at the address of 701B Newton Drive. Lillian was stricken with breast cancer in 1950 and died a year later, at the relatively young age of 51, on Sept. 15, 1951, in Trumbull Memorial Hospital in Warren, OH. Burial was in the Newton Falls West Cemetery. David survived his wife by 13 years. He died in Warren on July 18, 1964, at the age of 70. He and his wife rest side by side for eternity.

  • Grandson Donald G. Smith (1920-1988) was born in 1920. In 1951, he dwelled in Miami, Dade County, FL. He died in 1988, at the age of 68. His ashes are at rest with his grandparents' remains in the Cain plot at Washington Cemetery.
  • Grandson Howard Edwin Smith (1922-1984) was born in about 1922. He was named in part for his maternal grandfather. At the age of 19, in 1941, he lived at 152 Baltimore Avenue in Washington and worked in a local glass factory. On Jan. 2, 1942, he wed 19-year-old Virginia Ruth Brownlee (1922-2013), daughter of Archibald and Ida (Algeo) Smith of 154 Buena Vista Street in Washington. Rev. Arthur D. Smalley officiated at the wedding. After marriage, the couple moved to Newton Falls in Trumbull County. They had three children -- Cheryl Clark, Howard E. Smith and Terry L. Smith. Of Virginia, the Warren Tribune Chronicle once said that she "lived in Newton Falls for more than 60 years, where she worked for the Newton Falls Schools as a janitor/custodian for 14 years, retiring in 1989. As a child, Virginia loved to sit with her father and listen to the baseball games on the radio. In her adult life, she loved to watch college football and was an avid Browns fan. She was a faithful member of Newton Falls First Church of God for many years, where she loved to sing in the choir, go on the senior trips with the members of the church, do ceramics and play bingo." Howard died in Warren on April 17, 1984. He is buried in the Newton Falls West Cemetery. Virginia lived for another 29 years as a widow. She passed away on June 3, 2013 in Warren. In an obituary, the Tribune Chronicle noted that her survivors included nine grandchildren, 11 great-grandchildren and one great-grandchild.
  • Grandson Arthur Lloyd Smith (1928-2000) was born on June 13, 1928. He moved to Trumbull County when his parents migrated there. At the age of 22, on Sept. 14, 1950, he wed 19-year-old Isabelle MacNaughton (1931- ? ), daughter of John and Isabelle (McKelvey) MacNaughton. At the time of marriage, Arthur was employed as a "hoistman" in or around Trumbull County. They had one son, Arthur J. Smith, who sadly died at the age of nine in 1961. The family was in Newton Falls, OH in 1951. Arthur died in Cuyahoga Falls, Summit County, OH on Sept. 28, 2000, at the age of 73. He rests n Newton Falls West Cemetery.
  • Grandson Wilbur Leroy Smith (1920-1991) was born in 1920. He resided in Pittsburgh in the early 1950s. He succumbed to death in 1991.
  • Granddaughter Ruth M. Smith ( ? - ? ) was wedded to Joseph Laysock ( ? - ? ). They lived in Newton Falls circa 1951.
  • Granddaughter Helen Irene Smith (1926-2017) was born on Christmas Day 1926 in Washington. She moved with her parents to Newton Falls, Trumbull County when she was about 19. On Jan. 15, 1949, Helen was joined in marital union with Edwin Michael Ballas (1928-2016). They were the parents of four known children, among them John David Ballas and Ronald Edwin Ballas. Sadly, Helen passed into eternity in Newton Falls on June 10, 2017.
  • Grandson Herbert L. Smith lived in Washington, PA circa 1951.

~ Daughter Ida Belle (Cain) Antill ~ 


David and Ida Bell Antill

Daughter Ida Belle Cain was born on Dec. 13, 1874 near Bellton, Marshall County, WV. She was only a few months old when her mother died, and six when her father married Margaret Ellen White.

On June 20, 1896, at Hundred, Ida Bell married David Anderson Antill (1872-1947), the son of David and Hannah (Hinerman) Antill. He had been born at Aleppo, Greene County, PA, and was one of six children. At the time of marriage, Ida Belle was age 21 and David 24.


West Washington, early 1900s

The Antills produced a brood of seven known children -- James D. Antill, Edna L. Antill, Elizabeth Antill, Osta Pakulla, Mary Hansen, Paul Antill and Robert A. Antill. Sadly, daughter Edna died at the age of four in 1906, and Elizabeth -- deformed from a premature birth -- died just before Christmas in 1908. Both babies were buried in Washington Cemetery.

They first lived in Aleppo, Greene County. For the most part, though, their years together were spent in homes on Washington's Ewing Street and Fayette Street and eventually at 223 Addison Street in West Washington (8th Ward), "for more than 35 years," said a Washington newspaper. During that timespan, "he was employed by the Tyler Tube and Pipe Company, Plant 2 of the Highland Glass Company and The Topliff Ely Company." They were members of the West Washington Methodist Episcopal Church, and she was active with its Alethea Class and the Missionary Society. 

In about 1932, the Antills moved from the west end of Washington to Dunns Station, Morris Township, Washington County, perhaps also considered Old Concord, where they are known to have dwelled for 17 years. Their address in 1937 was West Finley, Washington County. 

David's mental faculties declined when in his mid-70s. He passed away at home in Dunns Station at the age of 75 on Christmas Eve 1947, after suffering from heart valve and mental deterioration for six weeks.

Ida outlived her husband by more than six years. She moved from the country into the city and made her home at 622 Addison Street in West Washington. At the age of 79, having suffered for years with diabetes and in more recent months with heart disease, Ida Bell died on Feb. 9, 1954. Burial was in Washington Cemetery.


Ida (right) with sisters Armena (left) and Josephine, in a view where the photographer cut off the rest of their bodies.

Washington's Part in the World War  
Son James David Antill (1897-1950) was born on March 30, 1897 in Aleppo Township, Greene County. He had brown eyes and hair and was of medium build and height. In 1917, he married Sarah Maloy (Oct. 10, 1893-1933), daughter of John and Janet (Forsythe) Maloy. They together bore one known son, Harry C. Antill. Their address in 1918 was 332 South Main Street in Washington. Circa 1918, he worked for Toplieffely Company in West Washington. He served during World War I as a member of the 112th Ambulance Company of the 28th Division. In time he was transferred to the 103rd Sanitary Train, 28th Division. He trained at Camp Greenleaf and was deployed to Europe, sailing to France on Oct. 24, 1918 and returning May 9, 1919. After the war, James earned a living as a farmer and also worked as a laborer in a toy factory and for the Findlay Clay and Pottery Company. He was a member of the Old Concord Presbyterian Church. The Antills' dwelling-place in 1933 was 230 South College Street in Washington. Sadly suffering from a gall bladder problem, she underwent surgery and then went into shock. A day later, she died in Washington Hospital on July 2, 1933. James survived her by 17 years. He lived in the 1940s in Old Concord and in 1950 at Dunns Station. Stricken with rectal cancer, over the span of 15 months, he was admitted to the Veterans Adminitration Hospital in Aspinwall. There, he passed away at the age of 53 on April 18, 1950. Burial was in Washington Cemetery. He is pictured in the book Washington's Part in the World War.


  • Grandson Harry C. Antill (1915- ? ) was born in 1915. He was a glass worker and lived at 785 West Chestnut Street in Washington. In 1937, he married 18-year-old Thelma Carter of 75 West Spruce Street in Washington. She was the daughter of Ralph and Elizabeth (Dornberger) Carter of Grafton, Taylor County, WV. Evidence suggests that he was active in softball leagues in the Washington area and today is enshrined in the Washington-Greene County Sports Hall of Fame.

Daughter Osta Antill (1899- ? ) was born on May 17, 1899 in Pennsylvania. She was employed as a bookkeeper for a local coal works in Washington circa 1920. She wed German-born Paul A. Pakulla Sr. ( ? - ? ) and had at least one son, Paul A. Pakulla Jr. They are thought to have resided at 810 Addison Street in West Washington. Paul Sr. was a superintendent in his company in 1945.

  • Grandson Paul A. Pakulla Jr. (1923- ? ) was born in 1923. He was employed as a draftsman in 1945, the year he married Maxine Phillips, daughter of Robert and Flora (Norris) Phillips. At the time of marriage, she lived at 175 Grove Avenue in Washington. Circa 1980, he is believed to have been a vice president with Findlay Refractories and to have testified in a workmen's compensation matter heard before the Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania. His comments focused on the silica content of the refractory products made by the company. 

Daughter Mary Antill (1915- ? ) was born in 1915. At the age of 23, in 1937, she wed 26-year-old Walter C. Hansen, a shipping clerk in Washington. He was a native of Minnesota, and a son of Norwegian immigrant Harry Hansen and his wife Mabel. 


Son Robert A. Antill ( ? - ? ) was born on (?). Robert in young manhood was employed at the Kress Box Factory. On May 14, 1938, he entered into marriage with Margaret Elizabeth Huffman ( ? - ? ), an East Finley resident and the daughter of W.C. Huffman. The nuptials were held in Cumberland, MD by the hand of Rev. William A. Eisenberg. In announcing the union, the Washington Reporter said that the brid e"wore a navy blue suit, with gray squirrel trimming and gray accessories to match. She wore a shoulder corsage of talisman roses, lily of the valley and ferns." Margaret was a 1934 graduate of Morris High School and at the time of marriage worked for the Sun Drug Company. The Antills lived in DuBois, PA in 1954 at a time when Robert signed his mother's Pennsylvania death certificate.

~ Daughter Armena (Cain) Miner Marshall ~ 

Daughter Armena Viancy Cain is profiled in a separate biography on Minerd.com. She is known to have attended the Jackson-Cain Reunion, which was held between 1925 and 1942, according to the 1961 book, The Jackson Family by her cousin's son, Jesse Calvin Cross. The president of the reunion was Armena’s first cousin, Enos Perry Jackson, the son of John J. and Lydia (Cain) Jackson. Though Armena’s daughters said that there might be a family connection to Civil War hero Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson, the Jackson book said:

For several years the author has been interested in the history of his mother’s family. As long as he can remember, it has been claimed that our family were of the same ancestry as “Stonewall” Jackson of Civil War fame. This belief was quickly dispelled after making a trip to Charleston, W.Va., to consult Dr. Roy Bird Cook the foremost historian of "Stonewall" Jackson. An examination of his records disclosed there were no connecting links between "Stonewall’s" ancestry and our lineage.

Eliza and Ed, 1904

~ Daughter Eliza (Cain) Marshall ~ 

Daughter Eliza Ann Elizabeth Cain was born in April 1885 or on Dec. 1, 1886 in Marshall County, WV. The latter birth is recorded in materials kept by West Virginia Vital Records, but its accuracy is in doubt, as her sister Susan is known to have been born in November 1886.

On April 27, 1904, in Washington, Washington County, PA, 19-year-old Eliza married 25-year-old Edward Leroy Marshall (1879-1960), the son of Benjamin Harrison and Emaline (Adams) Marshall of Smithfield, Fayette County, PA. 

Early in their marriage, they migrated to Denver, CO, circa 1915. Later, they returned to Washington, PA. 

Ed worked for Tyler Tube and Pipe Co.; Findlay Refractories Co., Toplift-Ely Co. and Washington Burial Vault Co.  Eliza was a member of the First Christian Church of Washington and the Lucy Mounts Class, Christian Woman's Fellowship and Golden Age Club of the church.


Washington newspaper

They produced four daughters, none of whom were married – Anna Marguerite Marshall, Jessie Willadene Marshall, Helen Arminta Marshall and Gertrude Marie Marshall.

Sadly, Gertrude died on Feb. 5, 1915 at the age of nine, while the family was living in Denver. Her tender remains were shipped back to Washington for funeral services at her grandmother Cain's home, followed by burial in Washington Cemetery.

At some point, Eliza and Ed returned to Washington. In 1934, the Cain and Marshall families combined again. Eliza's widowed sister Armena Miner married Ed's divorced brother Benjamin Franklin Marshall. The ceremony took place in the home of Armena's son Odger Miner in Aliquippa, Beaver County, PA.

In the 1950s and into 1960, their home was at 395 Burton Avenue in Washington.


Tyler Tube Company in Washington

Ed passed away of a heart attack at home, at the age of 81 on March 6, 1960. 

Eliza outlived her husband by a decade. She died in 1970, at the age of 84.

Daughter Anna Marguerite Marshall (1909-1982) was born in Denver. She was a graduate of the Washington Hospital School of Nursing (1931) and for 35 years was an office nurse for Dr. David Dunbar, retiring in 1979. She was a member of Lady Hogue Rebekah Lodge and the Dames of Malta.

Daughter Jessie W. Marshall (1911-1986) was born in Denver but moved to Washington at a young age. She was a longtime bookkeeper for Bull International. She was a member of the First Christian Church of Washington, the Lady Hogue Rebekah Lodge, the Dames of Malta and the Tri-State Rally Committee. Jessie died at the age of 74 at her residence on Burton Avenue in Washington on Sept. 21, 1986.

Daughter Helen Arminta Marshall (1921-1984) was born in Washington. She was an employee of Bell Telephone Company in Washington for 42 years. During her lifetime, she was president of the Fort Pitt Chapter of the Telephone Pioneers of America and the National Trails Council. She also was a member of the Pioneers of Bell Telephone and the Lady Hogue Rebekah Lodge. Helen made her home with her sister Jessie. She died in Washington Hospital at age 63 on May 2, 1984.

Susan Cain

~ Daughter Susan Cain ~ 

Daughter Susan Cain -- at left -- was born in November 1886 in either Marshall County or Wetzel County, WV. 

Tragically, she never had the opportunity to enjoy life to its fullest. 

As a young woman, she moved from her parents' home in Hundred to the bustling industrial city of Washington, Washington County, PA, where her parents and siblings also had migrated. She made her home at 242 Fayette Street with her married sister Armena Miner, helping with household chores and tending to her sister's four young children.

Stricken with influenza -- known at the time as "la grippe" -- Susan fell deathly ill and died suddenly in the Miner home on Jan. 23, 1907. At the time, she was only three weeks shy of her 21st birthday, with her future otherwise wide open with opportunity.

She was laid to rest in the Washington Cemetery. Her brother in law, Harry Orlan Miner, signed the official death certificate.

J. Maude Cain

~ Daughter Jessie "Maude" Cain ~ 

Daughter Jessie Maude Cain -- also known as "J. Maude" -- never married. 

She was born in February 1890 in or near Hundred, Wetzel County, WV. As a teenager, she migrated to the city of Washington, Washington County, PA, to live with her parents and near her married sisters and their growing brood of children.

Said the Washington Observer, "A seamstress, she was employed in that capacity for more than 15 years by the Caldwell Store." She was a member of the Church of Christ. 

Maude resided at 605 Addison Street for many years. She enjoyed socializing with her sisters and appears in many photographs together with them, taken over the years at various family outings.

When she could no longer care for herself, she moved to Romeo, MI, where she lived in the home for the aged of the Church of Christ.

She passed away at the age of 62 at the Church of Christ home in Romeo. Said the Washington Observer, "Although she had not been well for several years, her death was sudden and unexpected."


Maude (right) and her sisters Osta Miner and Eliza Marshall, at what appears to be the famed falls and rapids at Ohiopyle, Fayette County.


Copyright © 2008, 2013, 2015, 2017-2018, 2023 Mark A. Miner

Rosby's Rock and Moundsville mound images originally published by T.R. Rogers & Sons, 507 7th Street, Moundsville, WV. Rebecca (Walker) Carson has contributed valuable content for this biography.